Managing Partial Seizures

Partial Seizure Illustration

Once-a-Day Oxtellar XR® Is an Add-on Treatment for Partial Seizures

What is a partial seizure?

A partial seizure is a type of seizure that happens in a specific part of 1 side of the brain.1 A partial seizure is the most common type of seizure experienced by people with epilepsy.1 Any slight movement, sense, or emotion can be part of a partial seizure, including visual or auditory hallucinations.1

Many things can trigger partial seizures, including1:

  • Drinking alcohol
  • Flashing/strobe lights
  • Food allergies
  • Lack of sleep
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Stress

There are 2 Types of Partial Seizures — Simple Partial and Complex Partial

Simple partial: In these partial seizures, the person will remain conscious but experience unusual feelings or sensations. Sudden, unexplained emotions or physical sensations, such as nausea, can be part of simple partial seizures.1

Complex partial: These partial seizures usually last just a few seconds. A complex partial seizure may have an aura (or warning). People experiencing complex partial seizures may lose awareness and stare blankly. Other signals include repetitious behaviors, such as blinks, twitches, mouth movements, or even walking around in a circle.1

Although partial seizures occur in a specific part of the brain, they may spread to the entire brain and affect the entire body. These seizures are called secondarily generalized seizures because they occur initially as a partial seizure.2

Important Things to Remember About Partial Seizures

Although partial seizures affect different parts of the brain and the body, they do have some things in common, including:

  • Partial seizures don’t last long. Most last only a few seconds1
  • While you can’t predict how often partial seizures will occur, the symptoms an individual has and their progression tend to be similar every time1
  • Anyone can get seizures, including partial seizures. They can be caused by many different things, including head injury, brain infection, and genetic factors1

Reference

  1. Seizures and epilepsy: Hope through research. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/epilepsy/detail_epilepsy.htm. Accessed July 2, 2015.
  2. Devinsky, Orrin, and Sirven, Joseph I. Secondarily Generalized Seizures. Epilepsy Foundation. July 1, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.epilepsy.com/learn/types-seizures/secondarily-generalized-seizures.